The Origin of Civilisation and the Primitive Condition of Man - Mental and Social Conditions of Savages - Right Hon. Lord. Avebury 1912 - Longmans, London - Seventh Edition and Last Edition A fine copy of this influential and significant work was first published in 1870, this is a comprehensively reworked and augmented edition and the last one to be written by The Right Honourable John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury [1834-1913]. Lubbock was a banker working with his family’s company, but also made significant contributions in archaeology, ethnography, and several branches of biology. He helped establish archaeology as a scientific discipline, and was influential in nineteenth-century debates concerning evolutionary theory.

Illustrated with 6 photographic plates, numerous sketches and drawings, together with tables and detailed index.
  In 1865 Lubbock published what was possibly the most influential archaeological text book of the nineteenth century, Pre-historic times, as illustrated by ancient remains, and the manners and customs of modern savages. He invented the terms "Palaeolithic" and "Neolithic" to denote the Old and New Stone Ages respectively. More notably, he introduced a Darwinian-type theory of human nature and development, and had extensive correspondence with Charles Darwin, who lived nearby in Down House.

Lubbock held numerous important posts including the first President of the Institute of Bankers; Trustee of the British Museum; President of the London Chamber of Commerce; Chairman of the London County Council; President of the Royal Statistical Society; President of the British Association; President of the Linnean Society of London; President of the Ethnological Society; President of the International Association for Prehistoric Archaeology; President of the Royal Anthropological Society; and Vice President of the Royal Society. Lubbock received honorary degrees from the universities of Oxford, Cambridge (where he was Rede lecturer in 1886), Edinburgh, Dublin and Würzburg.

He founded the Proportional Representation Society, later to become the Electoral Reform Society, the Bankers’ Benevolent Fund and was a founding member of the elite X Club, a dining club composed of nine gentlemen to promote the theories of natural selection and academic liberalism.

As a politician Lubbock was successful with numerous enactments in parliament, including the Bank Holidays Act of 1871 and the Ancient Monuments Act of 1882.

Provenance: With bookplate of Geo. W. Olinger.

pp. xxviii 454 [2 advertisements].
  Condition: Fine in near fine jacket with minor sunning to spine.   Ref: 105119   Price: HK$ 1,500